16th Century Tudor Knot Garden

The knot garden concept originates from the time of Queen Elizabeth the First and is essentially a garden of very formal design in a square frame, consisting of a variety of aromatic plants and culinary herbs; which may include Germander, Marjoram, Thyme, Southernwood, Lemon Balm, Hyssop, Costmary, Acanthus, Mallow, Chamomile, Rosemary, Calendulas, Violas and Santolina.

It is said that the Elizabethan knot gardens were designed to mimic the beautiful embroidery designs which are associated with that particular period of history.

Most knot gardens now have edges made from box (Buxus sempervirens). The paths in between are usually laid with fine gravel. However, the original designs of knot gardens did not have the low box hedges, and knot gardens with such hedges might more accurately be called parterres

The Yalding Organic Gardens’ knot garden is based on two central square knot designs; flanked by stylised representations of the initials HDRA – standing for the Henry Doubleday Research Association (now Garden Organic) the founders of the Gardens.

Original Garden Design: Caroline Holmes (on behalf of the Herb Society)